Environment, Forest and Climate Change Department,

Government of Uttar Pradesh, India

Shri. Yogi Adityanath

Hon'ble Chief Minister,Uttar Pradesh

Shri. Dara Singh Chauhan

Hon'ble Minister,Forest Department

Eco System

Major Ecosystem Services provided by Forests
S.No. Services Infrastructure and Processes Goods and Services
Regulating services : Maintenance of essential ecological processes and life support systems.
1 Gas regulation Role of ecosystems in bio geochemical cycles. Provides clean, breathable air, disease prevention, and a habitable planet.
2 Climate regulation Influence of land cover and biological mediated processes on climate. Maintenance of a favorable climate promotes human health, crop productivity, recreation, and other services.
3 Disturbances prevention Influence of ecosystem structure on dampening environmental disturbances. Prevents and mitigates natural hazards and natural events, generally associated with storms and other severe weather.
4 Water regulation Role of land cover in regulating runoff and river discharge. Provides natural irrigation, drainage channel flow regulation and navigable transportation.
5 Water supply Filtering, retention and storage of fresh water (e.g.in aquifers etc.) Provision of water for consumptive use, includes both quality & quantity.
6 Soil retention Role of vegetation root, matrix and soil biota in soil retention. Maintains arable land and prevents damage from erosion and promotes agricultural productivity.
7 Soil formation Weathering of rock, accumulation of organic matter. Promotes agricultural productivity, and the integrity of natural ecosystems.
8 Nutrient cycling Role biota in storage and recycling of nutrients. Promotes healthy and productive soils, and gas, climate, amd water regulations.
9 Waste treatment Role of vegetation & biota in removal or breakdown of harmful nutrients and compounds. Pollution control/detoxification, filtering of dust particles through canopy services.
10 Pollination Role of biota in movements of floral gametes. Pollination of wild plant species and harvested crops.
11 Biological control Population control through trophic-dynamic relations. Provides pest and disease control, reduces crop damage.